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Choanal atresia-hearing loss-cardiac defects-craniofacial dysmorphism syndrome

Disease definition

Choanal atresia - deafness - cardiac defects - dysmorphism syndrome, also known as Burn-McKeown syndrome, is an extremely rare multiple congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by bilateral choanal atresia (see this term) associated with a characteristic cranio-facial dysmorphism (hypertelorism with narrow palpebral fissures, coloboma of inferior eyelid (see this term) with presence of eyelashes medial to the defect, prominent nasal bridge, thin lips, prominent ears), that can be accompanied by hearing loss, unilateral cleft lip, preauricular tags, cardiac septal defects and anomalies of the kidneys. The features of this syndrome overlaps considerably with those of the CHARGE syndrome (see this term).

ORPHA:1200

  • Synonym(s):
    • Burn-McKeown syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q87.8
  • OMIM: 608572  616462
  • UMLS: C1837822
  • MeSH: C537411
  • GARD: 10041
  • MedDRA: -

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