Asperger's syndrome (AS) is a neuro-biological disorder generally considered as belonging to the spectrum of autism. It has been more recently classified as a pervasive developmental disorder. The estimated prevalence is one children in 250; it is thus not a rare disease. The disorder appears to be more common in males. It was first described by Dr Hans Asperger, a pediatrician in Austria in 1944. Patients with AS have intellectual capacity within the normal range with, however, a distinct profile of abilities apparent from early childhood. They can exhibit behavioural problems and marked deficiencies in social and communication skills. There is no specific treatment or cure for AS. Interventions are mainly symptomatic and/or rehabilitational.
Last update: February 2005