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Fetal alcohol syndrome

Orpha number ORPHA1915
Synonym(s) ARBD
ARND
Alcohol-related birth defects
Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder
FAS
FASD
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Prevalence Unknown
Inheritance
  • Sporadic
Age of onset Neonatal/infancy
ICD-10
  • Q86.0
OMIM -
UMLS
  • C0015923
MeSH
  • D005310
MedDRA
  • 10016845
SNOMED CT
  • 205788004

Summary

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a rare malformation syndrome caused by excessive maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. It is characterized by prenatal and/or postnatal growth deficiency (weight and/or height <10th percentile), a unique cluster of minor facial anomalies (short palpebral fissures, flat and smooth philtrum, and thin upper lip) and severe central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities including microcephaly, and cognitive and behavioral impairment (intellectual disability, deficit in general cognition, learning and language, executive function, visual-spatial processing, memory, and attention).


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