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Hydrops fetalis

Orpha number ORPHA1041
Synonym(s) Fetal anasarca
Fetal hydrops
Generalized fetal edema
HF
Prevalence Unknown
Inheritance
  • Sporadic
Age of onset Neonatal/infancy
ICD-10
  • P56.0
  • P56.9
  • P83.2
OMIM
UMLS
  • C0020305
MeSH
  • D015160
MedDRA
  • 10020529
SNOMED CT
  • 276508000

Summary

Hydrops fetalis is a severe and challenging fetal condition usually defined as the excessive accumulation of fetal fluid within the fetal extravascular compartments and body cavities that manifests as edema, pleural and pericardial effusion and ascites. It is the end-stage of a wide variety of disorders. The cause may be immunologic (immune hydrops fetalis, IHF) or non immunologic (non-immune hydrops fetalis, NIHF) (see these terms), depending on the presence or absence of maternal antibodies against fetal red cell antigens (ABO incompatibility or rhesus (Rh) incompatibility).

Expert reviewer(s)

  • Dr Carlo BELLINI

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