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Hyperphenylalaninemia

Disease definition

Hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) due to tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiency, also known as malignant HPA is an amino acid disorder with neonatal onset that is clinically characterized by the classic manifestations of phenylketonuria (PKA; see this term) and that later on is clinically differentiated by neurologic symptoms such as microcephaly, intellectual disability, central hypotonia, delayed motor development, peripheral spasticity and seizures, that develop and persist despite an established metabolic control of plasma phenylalanine.

ORPHA:238583

  • Synonym(s):
    • Hyperphenylalaninemia due to BH4 deficiency
    • Hyperphenylalaninemia due to tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency
    • Non-phenylketonuric hyperphenylalaninemia
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal, Infancy
  • ICD-10: E70.1
  • OMIM: 233910  261630  261640  264070
  • UMLS: C0751436
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -

Additional information

Further information on this disease

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