16p11.2-p12.2 microdeletion syndrome is a recently described syndrome characterized by developmental delay and facial dysmorphism.
It has been clinically and molecularly characterized in 5 patients.
Facial features include flat facies, downslanting palpebral fissures, low-set and malformed ears. Orofacial clefting, heart defects, short stature, feeding difficulties and hypotonia can be observed.
This syndrome is caused by an interstitial deletion encompassing 16p11.2-p12.2. These deletions arise de novo and are flanked by segmental duplications suggesting that the underlying mechanism is non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR). They were characterized by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) microarray and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).
Last update: May 2011
- Dr Nicole MORICHON-DELVALLEZ