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Brachydactylous dwarfism, Mseleni type

Synonym(s) Mseleni joint disease
Prevalence Unknown
Inheritance Unknown
Age of onset Childhood
  • Q77.7
  • C2931420
  • C537086
MedDRA -


Disease definition

Mseleni joint disease (MJD) is a rare and crippling chondrodysplasia, reported mainly in the Maputaland region in northern Kwazulu Natal, South Africa, characterized by a bilateral and uniform arthropathy of the joints that primarily and most severely affects the hip but that can also affect many other joints (i.e. knees, ankles, wrists, shoulders, elbows), and that manifests with pain and stiffness that progressively limits joint movement, eventually compromising a patient's ability to walk. Severe short staure and brachydactyly have been reported in a few patients with MJD.

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