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Cardiocranial syndrome, Pfeiffer type
Pfeiffer-type cardiocranial syndrome is an extremely rare disorder recognized in less than ten patients worldwide and characterized by a congenital heart defect, sagittal craniosynostosis and severe developmental delay (growth retardation and intellectual deficit).
- Craniosynostosis-congenital heart disease-intellectual disability syndrome
- Pfeiffer-Singer-Zschiesche syndrome
- Sagittal craniostenosis with congenital heart disease, mental deficiency and mandibular ankylosis
- Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
- Inheritance: Autosomal dominant or Autosomal recessive or Not applicable
- Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
- ICD-10: Q87.8
- OMIM: 218450
- UMLS: -
- MeSH: -
- GARD: 8586
- MedDRA: -
Genital and renal anomalies, and various dysmorphic features (hypertelorism, low set ears, dysplastic ears, micrognathia, mandibular ankylosis, syndactyly) may be present. Joint and palpebral abnormalities may also occur.
The etiology remains unknown. The occurrence of the syndrome in a brother-sister sibship supports the hypothesis of autosomal recessive inheritance. Autosomal dominant inheritance and submicroscopic deletions have also been proposed as possible causes.
Management and treatment
Management depends on the cardinal manifestations and includes surgery for cranial decompression. Supportive measures should be offered.