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Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

Synonym(s) JME
Juvenile myoclonus epilepsy
Prevalence Unknown
Inheritance Autosomal dominant
or Autosomal recessive
or Multigenic/multifactorial
Age of onset Adolescent
  • G40.3
  • C0270853
  • D020190
  • 10071082


Disease definition

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is the most common hereditary idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome and is characterized by myoclonic jerks of the upper limbs on awakening, generalized tonic-clonic seizures manifesting during adolescence and triggered by sleep deprivation, alcohol intake, and cognitive activities, and typical absence seizures (30% of cases).

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