Hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis (HCHWA), Italian type is a form of HCHWA (see this term) characterized by an age of onset of 50 years of age, dementia and lobar intracerebral hemorrhage.
It has been described in three Italian families.
HCHWA, Italian type is due to a mutation in the APP gene on chromosome 21q21.2, encoding the beta-amyloid precursor protein. This mutation causes an increased accumulation of amyloid-beta protein in the walls of the arteries and capillaries of the meninges, cerebellar cortex and cerebral cortex, leading to the weakening and eventual rupture of these vessels.
Transmission is autosomal dominant.
Last update: February 2013
- Dr Joost HAAN
- Dr Gisela TERWINDT