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Woodhouse-Sakati syndrome is a multisystemic disorder characterized by hypogonadism, alopecia, diabetes mellitus, intellectual deficit and extrapyramidal signs with choreoathetoid movements and dystonia.
Approximately 30 patients from consanguineous Middle Eastern families, together with one Caucasian woman and three sibs from an Indian family, have been reported so far.
The onset is usually in adolescence. Additional manifestations may include sensorineural deafness, flattened T waves on ECG, seizures, sensory polyneuropathy, dysarthria, various craniofacial abnormalities (high forehead, flat occiput, triangular face, prominent nasal root, hypertelorism, and down-slanting palpebral fissures), scoliosis, hyperreflexia, and camptodactyly.
Woodhouse-Sakati syndrome is associated with mutations in the DCAF17 gene (2q31.1), encoding a nucleolar protein of unknown function.
The disease is transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner.