Agammaglobulinemia is an X-linked recessive inherited disease marked by recurrent bacterial infections in the airways and GI tract. It also predisposes affected individuals to chronic enterovirus infections. It occurs with a prevalence of approximately 1:200,000. The disease is caused by the deficient production of immunoglobulin as a result of mutations in the gene coding for Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) and is characterized by impaired maturation of B lymphocytes. Patients are treated with regular venous or subcutaneous injections of immunoglobulin.
Last update: January 2005