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Synonym(s) -
Prevalence 1-9 / 1 000 000
Inheritance Not applicable
Age of onset All ages
  • B55.0
  • B55.1
  • B55.2
  • B55.9
  • C0023281
  • D007896
  • 10024198


Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by different species of the genus Leishmania, transmitted through the bite of hematophagous female phlebotomine sand flies. The clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic to clinically overt disease which can remain localized to the skin or disseminate to the upper oral and respiratory mucous membranes or throughout the reticulo-endothelial system. Three main clinical syndromes have been described: visceral (or Kala-Azar), cutaneous and mucosal or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.

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Clinical practice guidelines
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