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Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

Disease definition

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is the most common hereditary idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome and is characterized by myoclonic jerks of the upper limbs on awakening, generalized tonic-clonic seizures manifesting during adolescence and triggered by sleep deprivation, alcohol intake, and cognitive activities, and typical absence seizures (30% of cases).


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • JME
    • Juvenile myoclonus epilepsy
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: Autosomal dominant or Autosomal recessive or Multigenic/multifactorial 
  • Age of onset: Adolescent
  • ICD-10: G40.3
  • OMIM: 254770  604827  607628  607682  608816  611136  611364  613060  614280  617924
  • UMLS: C0270853
  • MeSH: D020190
  • GARD: 6808
  • MedDRA: 10071082

Detailed information


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