Orphanet: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis
x

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.

Attention

Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Captcha image

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

Disease definition

A rare disorder of the anterior segment of the eye, characterized by a severe recurrent allergic reaction affecting the cornea and the conjunctiva. It presents with red eyes, ocular itching, photophobia, foreign body sensation, mucous discharge, blepharospasm, and blurring of vision. The symptoms are typically bilateral but may be asymmetric. Characteristic signs include conjunctival injection, giant papillae mostly on the upper tarsal conjunctiva (cobblestone appearance), limbal gelatinous infiltrates (Horner-Trantas dots), and variable corneal signs. The condition is more prevalent in hot climates and most commonly affects young boys.

ORPHA:70476

Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Spring catarrh
  • Prevalence: 1-5 / 10 000
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: Childhood
  • ICD-10: H16.2
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C0022577
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 7854
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.