Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Distal trisomy 3p

Disease definition

Distal trisomy 3p is a rare chromosomal anomaly syndrome, resulting from the partial duplication of the short arm of chromosome 3, with highly variable phenotype principally characterized by craniofacial dysmorphism (incl. brachy-/microcephaly, square facies, frontal bossing, bitemporal indentation, hypertelorism/telecanthus, low-set and/or dysmorphic ears, short nose with broad, flat nasal bridge, prominent cheeks and philtrum, downturned corners of mouth, micrognathia/retrognathia, short neck) associated with psychomotor delay, moderate to severe intellectual disability, cardiac (e.g. patent ductus arteriosus) and urogenital (e.g. renal hypoplasia, hypogenitalism) abnormalities, as well as seizures and presence of whorls on fingers.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Distal duplication 3p
    • Telomeric duplication 3p
    • Trisomy 3pter
  • Prevalence: -
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: Antenatal, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q92.3
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information

Article for general public

The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.