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Macrophage activation syndrome

Disease definition

A rare hemophagocytic syndrome characterized by excessive activation and proliferation of macrophages and T cells occurring in the context of a variety of diseases, including infections, neoplasms, rheumatic disorders, and leading to sudden onset of persistent fever, lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly. Complications include profound depression of one or more blood cell lines with coagulopathy and pancytopenia, and impaired liver and renal function. Bone marrow examination reveals numerous well differentiated macrophages actively phagocytosing hematopoietic elements.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: Childhood, Adolescent, Adult
  • ICD-10: D69.1
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C1096155
  • MeSH: D055501
  • GARD: 12124
  • MedDRA: 10053867

Detailed information


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