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Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome type 3

Disease definition

A rare neurometabolic disease, due to a lipoic acid biosynthesis defect, with a highly variable phenotype, typically characterized by early-onset acute or subacute developmental delay or regression frequently associated with feeding difficulties. Clinical severity is variable and may range from mild cases which present a later onset with slow neurological deterioration and general improvement over time to severe cases with clinical signs since birth and leading to early death. Associated manifestations include hypotonia, vision loss, respiratory failure, seizures, and intellectual disability. Brain magnetic resonance imaging frequently shows cavitating leukoencephalopathy with lesions in the periventricular/central white matter and parieto-occiîtal lobes.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • IBA57 deficiency
    • MMDS3
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: E88.8
  • OMIM: 615330
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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