Orphanet: Ferro cerebro cutaan syndroom

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Ferro-cerebro-cutaneous syndrome

Disease definition

Ferro-cerebro-cutaneous syndrome is a rare, genetic, metabolic liver disease characterized by progressive neurodegeneration, cutaneous abnormalities, including varying degrees of ichthyosis or seborrheic dermatitis, and systemic iron overload. Patients manifest with infantile-onset seizures, encephalopathy, abnormal eye movements, axial hypotonia with peripheral hypertonia, brisk reflexes, cortical blindness and deafness, myoclonus and hepato/splenomegaly, as well as oral manifestations, including microdontia, wiedely spaced and pointed teeth with delayed eruption, and gingival overgrowth.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Cerebro-cutaneous syndrome with iron overload
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: X-linked recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy
  • ICD-10: G23.0
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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