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Megalencephaly-severe kyphoscoliosis-overgrowth syndrome

Disease definition

A rare genetic multiple congenital anomalies/dysmorphic syndrome characterized by overgrowth and macrocephaly with megalencephaly apparent at birth, global developmental delay, intellectual disability, and dysmorphic facial features (including frontal bossing, long face, sparse eyebrows, hypertelorism, downslanting palpebral fissures, and prognathism). Patients may exhibit tall stature with dolichostenomelia, arachnodactyly, kyphoscoliosis, and joint laxity, as well as neurologic manifestations, such as hypotonia, gait ataxia, or seizures. Brain imaging may show increased white matter volume, thick corpus callosum, or small cerebellum.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal
  • ICD-10: -
  • OMIM: 617011
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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