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NAD(P)HX dehydratase deficiency

Disease definition

A rare neurometabolic disease characterized by infantile onset of repeated episodes of developmental regression and neurodegeneration, often triggered by febrile illnesses. Patients present with lethargy, hypotonia, irritability, gait ataxia, loss of speech, movement disorder, seizures, ophthalmoplegia, and hearing loss. Brain imaging shows generalized cerebral atrophy and bilateral basal ganglia abnormalities. Extensive skin lesions, cardiomyopathy, and pancytopenia have been reported in association. The condition is fatal in the first years of life.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • CARKD deficiency
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Childhood
  • ICD-10: E88.8
  • OMIM: 618321
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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