Orphanet: Muscle eye brain disease

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Captcha image

Muscle-eye-brain disease

Disease definition

A rare, congenital muscular dystrophy due to dystroglycanopathy characterized by early onset muscular dystrophy, severe muscular hypotonia, severe mental retardation and typical brain and eye malformations, including pachygyria, polymicrogyria, agyria, brainstem and cerebellar structural anomalies, severe myopia, glaucoma, optic nerve and retinal hypoplasia. Patients may present with seizures, macrocephaly or microcephaly, microphthalmia, and congenital contractures. Depending on the severity, limited motor function is acquired. Less severe cases have been reported.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • MEB syndrome
    • Muscle-eye-brain syndrome
    • Santavuori congenital muscular dystrophy
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: G71.0
  • OMIM: 236670  253280  253800  613150  613153  613154  615181  615350
  • UMLS: C0457133
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 156
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.