x

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.

Attention

Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Citrullinemia

Disease definition

Citrullinemia is an autosomal recessively inherited disorder of urea cycle metabolism and ammonia detoxification (see this term) characterized by elevated concentrations of serum citrulline and ammonia. The disease presents with a large range of manifestations including neonatal hyperammonemic encephalopathy with lethargy, seizures and coma; hepatic dysfunction in all age groups; episodes of hyperammonemia and neuropsychiatric symptoms in children or adults, or, can be asymptomatic in some cases (detected in newborn screening programs). Citrullinemia is divided into two main groups that are encoded by different genes: citrullinemia type I (comprised of acute neonatal citrullinemia type I and adult-onset citrullinemia type I) and citrin deficiency (comprised of adult-onset citrullinemia type II and neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis due to citrin deficiency) (see these terms).

ORPHA:187

Classification level: Group of disorders
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal, Adult
  • ICD-10: E72.2
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C0175683
  • MeSH: D020159
  • GARD: 6114
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.