Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Amoebiasis due to free-living amoebae

Disease definition

A rare parasitic disease caused by free-living amoebae belonging to the Acanthamoeba, Naegleria and Balamuthia genera, that are able to survive in an autonomous state in all natural environments and can also parasitize humans. In immunosuppressed individuals Acanthamoeba genus contamination leads to granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (also reported in association with species of the Balamuthia genus) together with other problems including cardiac, cutaneous and pulmonary manifestations, all of which influence the prognosis. In immunocompetent individuals, the Naegleria fowleri species is responsible for primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, the evolution of which is rapidly fatal.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 100 000
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: All ages
  • ICD-10: B60.1  B60.2
  • ICD-11: 1A36.11  1A36.12  1A36.1Y
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C5681222
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 12650
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.