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Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency

Disease definition

Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (classic 21-OHD CAH) is the most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH; see this term), characterized by simple virilizing or salt wasting forms that can manifest with genital ambiguity in females and with adrenal insufficiency (in both sexes), and that presents with dehydration, hypoglycemia in the neonatal period (that can be lethal if untreated), and hyperandrogenia.


  • Synonym(s):
    • Classic 21-OHD CAH
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 100 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Antenatal, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: E25.0
  • OMIM: 201910
  • UMLS: C2936858
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 12665
  • MedDRA: -

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