Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Captcha image

Primary hyperoxaluria

Disease definition

Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare disorder of glycoxylate metabolism characterized by an excess of oxalate resulting in manifestations ranging from occasional renal stones, recurrent nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis to end-stage renal disease and systemic oxalosis. Presenting symtoms may commence from the neonatal period to adulthood. Three different types are well recognized: primary hyperoxaluria type 1, type 2 and type 3 (see these terms).


  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: All ages
  • ICD-10: E74.8
  • OMIM: 259900  260000  613616
  • UMLS: C0020500  C0020501
  • MeSH: D006959
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: 10020703

Detailed information


Additional information

Specialised Social Services

The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.