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Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Disease definition

A rare sporadic human prion disease characterized by rapidly progressive cognitive impairment in combination with variable neurologic signs and symptoms including myoclonus, visual or cerebellar problems, pyramidal or extrapyramidal features, or akinetic mutism. Brain imaging may show high signal intensity in caudate, putamen, and/or cortical regions, and a typical EEG pattern consisting of generalized periodic sharp wave complexes is observed in many cases. The disease is invariably fatal within less than two years. Neuropathologic examination reveals deposition of abnormal prion protein in brain tissue, as well as spongiform change and massive neuronal loss and gliosis.

ORPHA:204

Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Sporadic CJD
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: Adult, Elderly
  • ICD-10: A81.0
  • OMIM: 123400
  • UMLS: C0022336
  • MeSH: D007562
  • GARD: 6956
  • MedDRA: 10011384

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