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Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

Disease definition

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is the most common hereditary idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome and is characterized by myoclonic jerks of the upper limbs on awakening, generalized tonic-clonic seizures manifesting during adolescence and triggered by sleep deprivation, alcohol intake, and cognitive activities, and typical absence seizures (30% of cases).


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • JME
    • Juvenile myoclonus epilepsy
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: Autosomal dominant or Autosomal recessive or Multigenic/multifactorial 
  • Age of onset: Adolescent
  • ICD-10: G40.3
  • ICD-11: 8A61.30
  • OMIM: 254770  604827  607628  607682  608816  611136  611364  613060  614280  617924
  • UMLS: C0270853
  • MeSH: D020190
  • GARD: 6808
  • MedDRA: 10071082

Detailed information

Disease review articles

ERN produced/endorsed by ERN(s)   FSMR produced/endorsed by FSMR(s)
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.