Orphanet: Temperature sensitive oculocutaneous albinism type 1

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Captcha image

Temperature-sensitive oculocutaneous albinism type 1

Disease definition

An extremely rare form of OCA1 characterized by the production of temperature sensitive tyrosinase proteins leading to dark hair on the legs, arms and chest (cooler body areas) and white hair on the scalp, axilla and pubic area (warmer body areas).


Classification level: Subtype of disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • OCA1-TS
    • TS OCA type 1
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: E70.3
  • OMIM: 606952
  • UMLS: C1847132
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information

Article for general public


The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.