Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Macrophagic myofasciitis

Disease definition

A rare acquired skeletal muscle disease characterized by infiltration of the epimysium, perimysium, and perifascicular endomysium by macrophages with crystal inclusions composed of aluminum salts at the site of a previous vaccination (most commonly the deltoid muscle). Muscle necrosis is typically absent. Patients may present with myalgias, arthralgias, muscle weakness, chronic fatigue, asthenia, fever, and cognitive dysfunction. Signs and symptoms usually develop slowly over several months.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • MMF
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: Childhood, Adolescent, Adult, Elderly
  • ICD-10: M60.8
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C2931639
  • MeSH: C537829
  • GARD: 176
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.