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Microphthalmia-brain atrophy syndrome

Disease definition

Microphthalmia-brain atrophy (MOBA) syndrome is a rare genetic neurodegenerative disorder characterized by congenital microphthalmia, sunken eyes, blindness, microcephaly, severe intellectual disability, progressive spasticity, and seizures. Psychomotor development is normal in the first 6-8 months of life and thereafter declines rapidly and continuously. Brain MRI reveals progressive and extensive degenerative changes, especially cortex, cerebellum, brainstem, and corpus callosum atrophy, with complete loss of cerebral white matter.

ORPHA:77299

Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • MCOPS10
    • MOBA syndrome
    • Syndromic microphthalmia type 10
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q11.2
  • OMIM: 611222
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 9292
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information

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The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.