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Alopecia-epilepsy-pyorrhea-intellectual disability syndrome

Disease definition

A rare genetic syndromic intellectual disability that is characterized by congenital permanent alopecia universalis, intellectual disability, psychomotor epilepsy and periodontitis (pyorrhea). Total permanent alopecia and pyorrhea are invariably concomitant while intellectual disability and psychomotor epilepsy are observed in most patients. No other abnormality of nails or skin (apart from absence of hair) has been reported. Transmission is autosomal dominant.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Shokeir syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal dominant 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q87.8
  • ICD-11: LD90.Y
  • OMIM: 104130
  • UMLS: C1863090
  • MeSH: C537057
  • GARD: 607
  • MedDRA: -
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