Orphanet: Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia type 20

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Captcha image

Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia type 20

Disease definition

Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia type 20 (SPG20) is a type of complex hereditary spastic paraplegia characterized by an onset in infancy of progressive spastic paraparesis associated with distal amyotrophy, psuedobulbar palsy, motor and cognitive delays, mild cerebellar signs (dysarthria, dysdiadochokinesia, mild intention tremor), short stature and subtle skeletal abnormalities (pes cavus, mild talipes equinovarus, kyphoscoliosis). SPG20 is due to mutations in the SPG20 gene (13q13.1), which encodes the protein spartin.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Childhood-onset spastic paraparesis-distal muscle wasting syndrome
    • SPG20
    • Troyer syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy
  • ICD-10: G11.4
  • OMIM: 275900
  • UMLS: C0393559
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 5372
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information

Article for general public


The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.