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Neurofaciodigitorenal syndrome

Disease definition

Neurofaciodigitorenal syndrome is a rare multiple developmental anomalies syndrome characterized by neurological abnormalities (including megalencephaly, hypotonia, intellectual disability, abnormal EEG), dysmorphic facial features (high prominent forehead, grooved nasal tip, ptosis, ear anomalies) and acrorenal defects (such as triphalangism, broad halluces, unilateral renal agenesis). Additionally, intrauterine growth restriction, short stature and congenital heart defects may be associated. There have been no further descriptions in the literature since 1997.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Freire Maia-Pinheiro-Opitz syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: Neonatal, Antenatal
  • ICD-10: Q87.8
  • OMIM: 256690
  • UMLS: C0796088
  • MeSH: C537388
  • GARD: 3964
  • MedDRA: -
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