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Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase deficiency

Disease definition

A rare gluconeogenesis disorder that results from impairment in the enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and comprised of cytosolic and mitochondrial forms of enzyme deficiency. Onset of symptoms is neonatal or a few months after birth and includes hypoglycemia associated with acute episodes of severe lactic acidosis, progressive neurological deterioration, severe liver failure, renal tubular acidosis and Fanconi syndrome. Patients also present progressive multisystem damage with failure to thrive, muscular weakness and hypotonia, developmental delay with seizures, spasticity, lethargy, microcephaly and cardiomyopathy. To date, there is no conclusive evidence of the existence of an isolated form of this disorder.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • PEPCK deficiency
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive or Mitochondrial inheritance 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: E74.4
  • OMIM: 261650  261680
  • UMLS: C0268194
  • MeSH: C536654
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information


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