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Intellectual disability-cataracts-calcified pinnae-myopathy syndrome

Disease definition

Intellectual disability-cataracts-calcified pinnae-myopathy syndrome is a rare, genetic intellectual disability syndrome characterized by macrocephaly, hypotonia, dysmorphic facial features (wide forehead, ptosis, downslanting palpebral fissures, enlarged and calcified external ears, large jaw), sparse body hair, tall stature, and intellectual disability. Hearing loss, insulin-resistant diabetes, and progressive distal muscle wasting (leading to joint contractures) have also been reported in adulthood. Rare manifestations include behavioral abnormalities (aggression and restlessness), hypothyroidism, cerebral calcification, ataxia, and peripheral neuropathy.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Primrose syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Childhood
  • ICD-10: Q87.8
  • OMIM: 259050
  • UMLS: C0796121
  • MeSH: C536420
  • GARD: 4488
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information

Disease review articles

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