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Familial median cleft of the upper and lower lips

Disease definition

Familial median cleft of the upper and lower lips is a rare and isolated orofacial defect characterized by incomplete median clefts of both the lower lip (limited to the vermilion, with no muscle involvement) and upper lip (with muscle involvement), double labial frenulum and fusion of the upper gingival and upper labial mucosa (resulting in a shallow upper vestibular fold), in addition to poor dental alignment, and increased interdental distance between the lower and upper median incisors. Variable expressivity has been reported in an affected family.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Unknown 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q36.1
  • OMIM: 615892
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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