Orphanet: Progeroid features hepatocellular carcinoma predisposition syndrome

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Progeroid features-hepatocellular carcinoma predisposition syndrome

Disease definition

A rare inherited cancer-predisposing syndrome characterized by early-onset hepatocellular carcinoma, genomic instability, and progeroid features, such as short stature, low body weight, muscular atrophy, lipodystrophy, bilateral cataracts, and premature hair graying. Dysmorphic craniofacial features include triangular face, small, deep-set eyes, and micrognathia. Kyphoscoliosis, sloping shoulders, mild pectus excavatum, bilateral contractures of the elbows and fingers, bilateral clinodactyly, and pes planus have also been reported.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Ruijs-Aalfs syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Childhood, Adolescent
  • ICD-10: C22.0
  • OMIM: 616200
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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