x

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.

Attention

Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Fatal familial insomnia

Disease definition

A rare inherited human prion disease characterized by adult onset of progressive disturbance and loss of circadian rhythms, dysautonomia with increased sympathetic activity, and cognitive impairment with fluctuating vigilance, impaired long-term memory, disorientation, and oneiric states. Motor disturbances include myoclonus, cerebellar ataxia, and pyramidal signs. The disease rapidly leads to a somnolent or comatose state and is typically fatal after 9 or 30 months on average (bimodal course). Neuropathologic examination shows marked neuronal loss and gliosis predominantly in thalamic nuclei and inferior olives, while deposition of abnormal prion protein may be relatively sparse.

ORPHA:466

Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal dominant 
  • Age of onset: Adult
  • ICD-10: A81.8
  • OMIM: 600072
  • UMLS: C0206042
  • MeSH: D034062
  • GARD: 6429
  • MedDRA: 10072077

Detailed information

Professionals

The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.