x

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.

Attention

Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

X-linked lymphoproliferative disease due to XIAP deficiency

Disease definition

A rare, genetic, primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by an abnormal immune response to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, caused by hemizygous mutations in the X-linked XIAP gene, resulting in B cell lymphoproliferation and manifestating with various phenotypes which include EBV-driven hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent splenomegaly, hepatitis, colitis, and intestinal bowel disease with features of Crohn's disease. Additional manifestations include variable auto-inflammatory symptoms such as uveitis, arthritis, skin abscesses, erythema nodosum, and nephritis. Neurological involvement is rare and lymphoma is never observed. Laboratory findings include normal or increased activated T cells, low or normal iNKT cells, and normal or reduced memory B cells.

ORPHA:538934

Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type 2
    • XIAP deficiency syndrome
    • XLP2
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: X-linked recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Childhood, Adolescent, Adult
  • ICD-10: D82.3
  • OMIM: 300635
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.