Orphanet: Isobutyryl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency

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Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency

Disease definition

Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency is an inborn error of valine metabolism. The prevalence is unknown. Only one symptomatic patient (with anaemia, failure to thrive, dilated cardiomyopathy and plasma carnitine deficiency) has been described so far, but several series of patients have been identified through newborn screening programs relying on detection of increased C(4)-carnitine levels by tandem mass spectrometry. The disorder is caused by mutations in the ACAD8 gene (11q25).


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Isobutyric aciduria
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: E71.1
  • OMIM: 611283
  • UMLS: C1969809
  • MeSH: C535541
  • GARD: 10223
  • MedDRA: -
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