Orphanet: Desquamative interstitial pneumonia

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Desquamative interstitial pneumonia

Disease definition

A rare idiopathic interstitial pneumonia characterized by extensive, diffuse intra-alveolar accumulation of pigment-laden macrophages, most commonly associated with long-term exposure to tobacco smoke. Patients present with slowly progressive shortness of breath on exertion and chronic cough with bilateral crackles. Digital clubbing is also frequently observed. Pulmonary function test reveals a restrictive pattern. Computed tomography typically shows diffuse ground-glass opacities with subpleural and lower zone predominance.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: -
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: -
  • ICD-10: J84.1
  • OMIM: 263000
  • UMLS: C0238378
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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