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Cryptorchidism-arachnodactyly-intellectual disability syndrome

Disease definition

Cryptorchidism-arachnodactyly-intellectual disability syndrome is a rare, multiple congenital anomalies syndrome characterized by psychomotor delay, severe intellectual deficit, severe muscle hypoplasia (with absence of subcutaneous fatty tissue), generalized contractures, craniofacial dysmorphic features (dolichocephaly, esotropia, ears of unequal size, high palate), chest and spinal deformities (i.e. sternum shifted to side, kyphoscoliosis), pulmonary anomalies (unilateral hypoplastic bronchial system), arachnodactyly, and genital abnormalities (cryptorchidism, hypospadias, testicular agenesis). Repeated respiratory tract infections and atelectasis are also associated. There have been no further descriptions in the literature since 1970.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Van Benthem-Driessen-Hanveld syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: Neonatal, Infancy
  • ICD-10: Q87.8
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C4707233
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 860
  • MedDRA: -
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