Orphanet: Hereditary bullous dystrophy, macular type

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Hereditary bullous dystrophy, macular type

Disease definition

A rare X-linked syndromic intellectual disability characterized by intellectual deficit, microcephaly, short stature, and ectodermal anomalies (including alopecia, spontaneous formation of bullae without evident trauma, hyper- or hypopigmented maculae, acrocyanosis, and dystrophic nails) in male patients. Additional reported features are short, tapering fingers, ocular anomalies (such as corneal opacities and cataract), and hypogenitalism. There have been no further descriptions in the literature since 1995.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: X-linked recessive 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q81.8
  • OMIM: 302000
  • UMLS: C0795974
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 1038
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.