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Sternal cleft

Disease definition

Sternal cleft (SC) is a rare idiopathic congenital thoracic malformation characterized by a sternal fusion defect, that can be complete or partial (either superior or inferior), that is usually asymptomatic in the neonatal period (apart from a paradoxical midline thoracic bulging) but that can lead to dyspnea, cough, frequent respiratory infections and increased risk of trauma-related injury to the heart, lungs and major vessels if left untreated.

ORPHA:2017

  • Synonym(s):
    • Cleft sternum
    • Sternum bifidum
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 100 000
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal, Antenatal
  • ICD-10: Q76.7
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C0265696  C2931507
  • MeSH: C537489
  • GARD: 5012
  • MedDRA: -

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