Orphanet: Cardiocranial syndrome, Pfeiffer type

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Cardiocranial syndrome, Pfeiffer type

Disease definition

A rare, multiple congenital anomalies syndrome with intellectual disability commonly characterized by facial dysmorphism (e.g. sagittal craniosynostosis, hypertelorism, strabismus, low-set dysplastic ears, retrognathia or micrognathia, mandibular ankyloses, cleft palate, aplasia uvulae), congenital heart defects (e.g. atrioventricular septal defect, anomalous venous return), genital anomalies (e.g. cryptorchidism, microphallus), as well as growth delay and intellectual disability. In some cases, tracheobronchial anomalies, large joint contractures, syndactyly, rib anomalies and hypoplastic kidneys are reported. Rarely, no cardiac anomaly may be reported.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Craniosynostosis-congenital heart disease-intellectual disability syndrome
    • Pfeiffer-Singer-Zschiesche syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal dominant or Autosomal recessive or Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q87.8
  • OMIM: 218450
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 8586
  • MedDRA: -
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