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Mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration

Disease definition

A rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by iron accumulation in specific regions of the brain, usually the basal ganglia, and associated with slowly progressive pyramidal (spasticity) and extrapyramidal (dystonia) signs, motor axonal neuropathy, optic atrophy, cognitive decline, and neuropsychiatric abnormalities.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • MPAN
    • NBIA due to C19orf12 mutation
    • NBIA4
    • Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation due to C19orf12 mutation
    • Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation type 4
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Childhood, Adolescent, Adult
  • ICD-10: G23.0
  • OMIM: 614298
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 12569
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information

Article for general public


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