Orphanet: Ramsay Hunt syndrome

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Ramsay Hunt syndrome

Disease definition

A rare infectious disease characterized by herpes zoster oticus associated with peripheral facial nerve palsy, often also with other cranial nerve lesions. Patients present with a painful erythematous vesicular rash in and around one ear and facial paralysis on the same side. Other frequent manifestations include hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, nausea, vomiting, and nystagmus.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Facial nerve palsy due to VZV
    • Facial nerve palsy due to herpes zoster infection
    • Facial nerve paralysis due to VZV
  • Prevalence: Unknown
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: All ages
  • ICD-10: B02.2+  G53.0*
  • ICD-11: 8B88.Y
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C0017409
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 7525
  • MedDRA: -
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