Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

XK aprosencephaly syndrome

Disease definition

A rare syndromic type of cerebral malformation characterized by aprosencephaly (absence of telencephalon and diencephalon), oculo-facial anomalies (i.e. ocular hypotelorism or cyclopia, malformation/absence of nasal structures, cleft lip), preaxial limb defects (i.e. hypoplastic hands, absent halluces) and various other anomalies including ambiguous genitalia, imperforate anus, and vertebral anomalies. The syndrome is thought to have an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Garcia-Lurie syndrome
    • XK syndrome
    • XK-aprosencephaly
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q04.3
  • OMIM: 207770
  • UMLS: C0431348  C0795952
  • MeSH: C536767
  • GARD: 424
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.