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Oculocutaneous albinism type 1

Disease definition

A form of oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) characterized by a spectrum of hypopigmentation of skin hair and eyes, ranging from little or no pigmentation to localized pigementation. Nystagmus, photophobia and reduced visual acuity are frequently present. The subtypes include OCA1A, OCA1B, type 1 minimal pigment oculocutaneous albinism (OCA1-MP) and type 1 temperature sensitive oculocutaneous albinism (OCA1-TS).

ORPHA:352731

Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • OCA1
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 100 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: E70.3
  • OMIM: 203100  606952
  • UMLS: C0268494
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 4037
  • MedDRA: -

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